William Dreuth's Study of Bird Migration
in Lincoln Park, Chicago

A 16 Year Study of Bird Migration in Lincoln Park, Chicago

About the Content

The data in the tables is organized into 7 columns (as they appear in the booklet) - Species, Earliest Date of Arrival, Average Date of Arrival, Average Date Last Seen, Latest Date Seen, Number of Days Seen, and Number of Years Seen. Pay particular attention to the last 2 columns as they give a good idea of status in Dreuth's study. I've included Dreuth's status information on subspecies - Dreuth was a careful, meticulous observer and he kept detailed notes about his bird sightings, including subspecies, so I only thought it right to preserve this information. The content has been divided into 5 sections; use the navigation tabs to move between the sections.

Note: On smaller devices such as a cell phone, the tabular data may not display in its entirety and will require horizontal scrolling to view.

Legend
  • Birds that were full species in Dreuth's time, but are no longer so, have quotation marks around their common and scientific names, e.g., "Blue Goose", "Chen caerulescens"
  • Subspecies have quotation marks around the first modyfying part of their common names, e.g., "Gambel's" White-crowned Sparrow
  • Dates in parenthesis represent other dates, e.g., (Aug 21, 1936)

Part 4: Blue-gray Gnatcatcher to Common Grackle

Species Earliest Date of Arrival Average Date of Arrival Average Date Last Seen Latest Date Seen Number of Days Seen Number of Years Seen
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Polioptila caerulea
Apr 15, 1938
Aug 25, 1934
May 1
(Sep 6, 1930)
May 15
(Oct 2, 1928)
May 26, 1931
Oct 2, 1934
63
5
15
3
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Regulus satrapa
Mar 20, 1942
Sep 13, 1941
Mar 31
Sep 24
Apr 29
Nov 8
May 27, 1943
Dec 4, 1935
175
382
16
16
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Regulus calendula
Apr 1, 1943
Sep 6, 1941
Apr 11
Sep 14
May 20
Oct 27
Jun 1, 1940
Nov 17, 1939
339
313
16
16
Eastern Bluebird
Sialia sialis
Feb 23, 1930 Mar 19 May 17 May 29, 1942 112 16
Veery
Catharus fuscescens
Apr 29, 1936
Aug 22, 1941
May 5
Aug 29
May 23
Sep 6
June 2, 1940
Sep 19, 1938
114
13
16
6
"Willow" Thrush1
Catharus f. salicola
Apr 30, 1936
Aug 31, 1935
May 7
(Sep 6, 1934)
May 25
(Sep 11, 1930)
May 28, 1934
Sep 16, 1937
81
6
15
5
Gray-cheeked Thrush
Catharus minimus
Apr 25, 1929
Aug 21, 1938
May 4
Sep 4
May 25
Oct 5
June 2, 1928
Oct 13, 1933
221
130
16
15
Swainson's Thrush
Catharus ustulatus
Apr 17, 1937
Aug 13, 1935
Apr 28
Aug 26
May 28
Oct 7
June 2, 1928
Oct 17, 1930
363
319
16
16
Hermit Thrush
Catharus guttatus
Mar 23, 1929
Sep 11, 1937
Apr 1
Sep 21
May 9
Oct 28
May 23, 1931
Nov 25, 1935
332
390
16
16
Wood Thrush
Hylocichla mustelina
May 1, 1933
Sep 6, 1931
May 7
Sep 9
May 19
Sep 28
May 31, 1940
Oct 6, 1940
36
15
14
10
American Robin
Turdus migratorius
Feb 19, 1935 Mar 9 Nov 21 Nov 30, 1933 2039 16
Gray Catbird
Dumetella carolinensis
Apr 24, 1937 May 3 Oct 8 Oct 8, 1940 444 16
Brown Thrasher
Toxostoma rufum
Apr 6, 1929 Apr 18 Oct 12 Nov 21, 1930 1023 16
Northern Mockingbird
Mimus polyglottos
Apr 25, 1937
Sep 4, 1934
(May 8, 1941)
(Sep 9, 1939)
(May 15, 1929)
(Oct 11, 1937)
May 22, 1943
Nov 30, 1933
7
10
5
5
European Starling
Sturnus vulgaris
Resident from 1932 on 1643 12
Bohemian Waxwing
Bombycilla garrulus
Dec 26, 1931 1 1
Cedar Waxwing
Bombycilla cedrorum
Mar 2, 1937
Aug 2, 1936
Apr 30
Aug 14
May 25
Oct 16
Jun 2, 1940
Dec 22, 1928
75
156
14
15
House Sparrow
Passer domesticus
Present all year
American Pipit
Anthus rubescens
May 3, 1938
Sep 5, 1937
(May 6, 1940)
Sep 27
(May 17, 1934)
Oct 18
May 24, 1937
Nov 18, 1943
(Dec 24, 1936)
6
24
4
9
Purple Finch
Haemorhous purpureus
Mar 12, 1929
Aug 21, 1941
Apr 5
Sep 11
May 10
Nov 5
May 23, 1943
Nov 23, 1940
113
232
15
16
Common Redpoll
Acanthis flammea
Mar 2, 1937
Oct 22, 1941
(Mar 3, 1936)
Oct 29
(Mar 18, 1937)
Nov 20
Mar 31, 1937
Dec 3, 1933
Jan 18, 1934
22 11
Red Crossbill
Loxia curvirostra
Nov 6, 1931 1 1
White-winged Crossbill
Loxia leucoptera
Sep 9, 1935 (Oct 27, 1938) Nov 7, 1939 3 3
Pine Siskin
Spinus pinus
Apr 28, 1940
Oct 6, 1942
(May 1, 1937)
Oct 19

Nov 5
May 22, 1938
Nov 17, 1938
3
18
3
7
American Goldfinch
Spinus tristis
Apr 18, 1941
Aug 3, 1936
May 5
Aug 12

Nov 12
Jun 2, 1940
Nov 21, 1931
259
131
16
14
Lapland Longspur
Calcarius lapponicus
Mar 20, 1940
Sep 17, 1937
Apr 19
Oct 4
May 7
Nov 21
May 13, 1943
Dec 14, 1936
10
108
6
11
Smith's Longspur
Calcarius pictus
Mar 30, 1943 (Apr 26, 1939) (Apr 29, 1940) May 15, 1940 4 3
Snow Bunting
Plectrophenax nivalis
Mar 4, 1939
Oct 14, 1936
(Mar 16, 1940)
Oct 28
(Mar 18, 1940)
Nov 25
Mar 19, 1940
Dec 28, 1937
(Jan 16, 1939)
5
103
2
14
Eastern Towhee
Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Mar 12, 1929 Mar 29 Oct 24 Nov 6, 1931 624 16
Bachman's Sparrow
Peucaea aestivalis
Mar 26, 1938 (Mar 27, 1938) (Mar 27, 1938) Apr 7, 1932 4 2
American Tree Sparrow
Spizelloides arborea
Feb 26, 1930
Oct 1, 1938
Mar 15
Oct 10
Apr 26
Nov 17
May 10, 1933
Dec 7, 1939
Jan 10, 1936
217
313
16
16
Chipping Sparrow
Spizella passerina
Apr 5, 1934
Aug 7, 1942
Apr 20
Sep 20
May 21
Oct 22
Jun 1, 1940
Nov 6, 1943
161
69
16
16
Clay-colored Sparrow
Spizella pallida
Apr 29, 1939
Sep 6, 1937
May 6
Sep 18
May 21
Oct 4
Jun 1, 1940
Oct 6, 1939
76
12
14
6
Field Sparrow
Spizella pusilla
Mar 10, 1936
Aug 3, 1942
Mar 27
Sep 22
May 23
Oct 28
May 31, 1938
Nov 18, 1943
439
205
16
16
Vesper Sparrow
Pooecetes gramineus
Apr 1, 1941
Sep 18, 1936
Apr 7
Sep 30
Apr 28
Oct 28
May 3, 1932
Nov 18, 1940
95
58
14
13
Lark Sparrow
Chondestes grammacus
Apr 30, 1940
Sep 6, 1939

Oct 2, 1936
1
2
1
2
Savannah Sparrow
Passerculus sandwichensis
Mar 23, 1929
Aug 27, 1941
Apr 8
Sep 7
May 25
Oct 24
Jun 2, 1940
Nov 8, 1938
250
207
16
16
Grasshopper Sparrow
Ammodramus savannarum
Mar 22, 1938
Aug 9, 1939
Apr 13
(Sep 25, 1936)
May 20, 1938
(Oct 6, 1937)
May 31, 1938
Oct 10, 1938
112
6
16
4
Henslow's Sparrow
Ammodramus henslowii
Apr 5, 1929
Oct 3, 1940
Apr 18 May 5
(Oct 6, 1942)
May 21, 1943
Oct 8, 1941
52
3
14
3
LeConte's Sparrow
Ammodramus leconteii
Mar 15, 1935
Sep 22, 1936
Apr 18
(Oct 8, 1934)
Apr 24
(Oct 8, 1941)
May 23, 1937
Oct 12, 1936
14
4
9
3
Nelson's Sparrow
Ammodramus nelsoni
May 12, 1937
Sep 12, 1938
(May 13, 1934)
Sep 20

Oct 3
May 23, 1939
Oct 21, 1942
3
12
3
6
Fox Sparrow
Passerella iliaca
Mar 11, 1936
Sep 16, 1942
Mar 24
Sep 23
April 22
Nov 5
May 25, 1930
Nov 20, 1935
193
355
16
16
Song Sparrow
Melospiza melodia
Mar 5, 1935
Aug 4, 1941
Mar 15
Aug 16
May 6
Nov 3
May 19, 1940
Nov 17, 1931
384
447
16
16
Lincoln's Sparrow
Melospiza lincolnii
Apr 19, 1941
Sep 2, 1938
Apr 30
Sep 10
May 27
Oct 16
Jun 1, 1928
Oct 28, 1936
242
200
16
16
Swamp Sparrow
Melospiza georgiana
Feb 26, 1932
Sep 14, 1937
Mar 27
Sep 22
May 27
Oct 31
May 31, 1940
Dec 6, 1930
385
304
16
16
White-throated Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis
Mar 25, 1938
Aug 30, 1933
Apr 15
Sep 8
May 26
Nov 4
Jun 1, 1940
Dec 4, 1930
473
586
16
16
Harris's Sparrow
Zonotrichia querula
May 3, 1938
Sep 19, 1938
May 12
Sep 27
May 15
Oct 17
May 29, 1930
Nov 6, 1934
18
107
8
14
White-crowned Sparrow
Zonotrichia leucophrys
Apr 26, 1937
Sep 12, 1937
Apr 29
Sep 22
May 25
Oct 23
May 31, 1941
Nov 9, 1939
318
310
16
16
"Gambel's" White-crowned Sparrow1
Zonotrichia l. gambelii
May 3 (May 6, 1939) (May 10, 1940) May 22, 1943 9 5
Golden-crowned Sparrow
Zonotrichia atricapilla
Apr 29, 1942 1 1
Dark-eyed Junco
Junco hyemalis
Feb 26, 1930
Sep 5, 1939
Mar 12
Sep 16
May 10
Nov 27
May 24, 1930
Dec 12, 1931
481
635
16
16
"Oregon Junco" 2
"Junco oreganus"
Mar 19, 1938
Sep 28, 1941
(Apr 13, 1933)
Oct 3
(Apr 14, 1930)
Oct 20
Apr 18, 1939
Oct 25, 1938
4
14
4
6
Yellow-breasted Chat
Icteria virens
May 2, 1942 (May 4, 1928) (May 12, 1930) May 15, 1937 6 5
Yellow-headed Blackbird
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Apr 22, 1929
Sep 15, 1931
(Mar 20, 1940) May 21, 1941 3
1
3
1
Bobolink
Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Apr 29, 1928
Aug 10, 1936
May 4
Aug 14
May 20
Sep 15
May 31, 1940
Oct 5, 1937
83
28
16
6
Eastern Meadowlark
Sturnella magna
Feb 26, 1932
Sep 19, 1939
Mar 10
Oct 7
May 17
Oct 25
Jun 1, 1940
Nov 20, 1935
336
33
16
11
Western Meadowlark
Sturnella neglecta
Mar 13, 1938 (Mar 31, 1941) (Apr 7, 1940) Apr 20, 1938 4 3
Orchard Oriole
Icterus spurius
Apr 30, 1929 May 10 May 15 May 18, 1928 12 6
Baltimore Oriole
Icterus galbula
Apr 25, 1929
Aug 4, 1938
May 5
Aug 15
May 25
Aug 30
May 31, 1929
Sep 16, 1930
150
43
16
12
Red-winged Blackbird
Agelaius phoeniceus
Mar 3, 1931 Mar 13 Oct 16 Dec 5, 1930 797 16
Brown-headed Cowbird
Molothrus ater
Mar 18, 1938 Mar 27 Aug 26 Oct 15, 1930 550 16
Rusty Blackbird
Euphagus carolinus
Mar 18, 1938
Sep 15, 1937
Apr 2
Sep 26
Apr 26
Nov 2
May 5, 1940
Nov 23, 1930
55
112
14
16
Brewer's Blackbird
Euphagus cyanocephalus
Sep 13, 1932 (Oct 21, 1929) Oct 27, 1929 3 2
Common Grackle
Quiscalus quiscula
Feb 27, 1930 Mar 14 Oct 31 Nov 9, 1930 1545 16
Species Earliest Date of Arrival Average Date of Arrival Average Date Last Seen Latest Date Seen Number of Days Seen Number of Years Seen

Footnotes

1The western subspecies of Veery. This is the subspecies that breeds in Illinois.

William Dreuth's Study of Bird Migration