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Birds and Birding

The Birds of Illinois

This is a list of the birds that have been officially recorded in Illinois. Status information is also provided. A total of 455 species have been recorded in the state as of June 2023. The 2 species pairs (Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher and California/Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay) are not included in the total. Note: Most of the information presented here is from The Illinois Ornithological Society (IOS) website.


Recent additions: Barnacle Goose, Limpkin, Little Stint, Wandering Tattler, Brown Booby, Lewis’s Woodpecker, Red-naped Sapsucker, Crested Caracara, Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher, Small-billed Elaenia, Great Kiskadee, Cassin’s Kingbird, Cassin’s Vireo, Plumbeous Vireo, Lesser Goldfinch, Painted Redstart

Recent removals: Western Gull

Recent Removal due to Taxonomy Changes in the 58th AOS Check-list Supplement: Thayer’s Gull

Recent Additions/Removals due to Taxonomy Changes in the 57th AOU Check-list Supplement: Green Violetear replaced with Mexican Violetear, Western Scrub-Jay replaced with California/Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay


Status Information

  • Regular = Species for which there are records in at least eight of the past ten years.
  • Casual = Species for which there are at least six records in the state and three to seven records in the past ten years.
  • Accidental = Species for which there are either less than six records in the state or less than three records in the past ten years.
  • Extirpated = Species which were formerly Regular in Illinois but which have not been recorded in the state in the previous 50 years.
  • Extinct = Species which have occurred in the state but no longer exist.

Breeding Information

  • For species that have bred in Illinois, an additional notation appears in the entry, following a slash ("/"). Where breeding is restricted to a region of the state, this is indicated by enclosed in parentheses a letter(s) indicated the region (e.g. N for north, NE for northeast, etc.)
  • B = Species which currently breed more or less regularly in the state. In general, this is defined by breeding in at least eight of the last ten years or 40 or more of the last 50 years.
  • b = Species which have bred at least once in the past 50 years, but do not currently breed regularly.
  • (B) = Species which formerly bred more or less regularly in the state, but which have not been confirmed as breeding in the past 50 years.
  • (b) = Species which have been confirmed as breeding in the state, but never regularly, and with no confirmed records of breeding in the past 50 years.

Two terms are restricted to breeding species, based on Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) designations. These are:

  • Endangered = Species whose breeding populations are in danger of extirpation within Illinois; listed as endangered by the IDNR.
  • Threatened = Species whose breeding populations are at risk of becoming endangered within Illinois; listed as threatened by the IDNR.

Order: Anseriformes

Family: Anatidae (Geese, Swans, and Ducks)

  • Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis) Regular
  • Fulvous Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor) Accidental
  • Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens) Regular / b (cross-breeding)
  • Ross's Goose (Anser rossii) Regular
  • Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) Regular
  • Brant (Branta bernicla) Casual
  • Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis) Accidental
  • Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii) Regular
  • Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) Regular / B
  • Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator) Extirpated (reintroduced, established) / (b)
  • Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus) Regular
  • Wood Duck (Aix sponsa) Regular / B
  • Garganey (Spatula querquedula) Accidental
  • Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors) Regular / B
  • Cinnamon Teal (Spatula cyanoptera) Regular
  • Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata) Regular / b
  • Gadwall (Mareca strepera) Regular / b
  • Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope) Casual
  • American Wigeon (Mareca americana) Regular
  • Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) Regular / B
  • American Black Duck (Anas rubripes) Regular / b
  • Mottled Duck (Anas fulvigula) Casual
  • Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) Regular / b
  • Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) Regular / b
  • Canvasback (Aythya valisineria) Regular / b (NE)
  • Redhead (Aythya americana) Regular / b
  • Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris) Regular
  • Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) Accidental
  • Greater Scaup (Aythya marila) Regular
  • Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) Regular / b
  • King Eider (Somateria spectabilis) Accidental
  • Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) Accidental
  • Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) Regular
  • Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata) Regular
  • White-winged Scoter (Melanitta fusca) Regular
  • Black Scoter (Melanitta americana) Regular
  • Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis) Regular
  • Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) Regular
  • Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) Regular
  • Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica) Casual
  • Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) Regular / B
  • Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) Regular
  • Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) Regular / b (NE)
  • Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) Regular / B

Order: Galliformes

Family: Odontophoridae (New World Quails)

  • Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) Regular / B

Family: Phasianidae (Partridges, Pheasants, Grouse, and Turkeys)

  • Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Regular / B
  • Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus) Extirpated / (B)
  • Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus) Extirpated / (b) (N)
  • Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido) Regular (SE, local) / B (endangered)
  • Gray Partridge (Perdix perdix) Accidental (N, introduced) / B
  • Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) Regular (introduced) / B

Order: Podicipediformes

Family: Podicipedidae (Grebes)

  • Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps) Regular / B
  • Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus) Regular / (b)
  • Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) Regular
  • Eared Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis) Regular / b (NE)
  • Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis) Regular
  • Clark's Grebe (Aechmophorus clarkii) Accidental

Order: Columbiformes

Family: Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

  • Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Band-tailed Pigeon (Patagioenas fasciata) Accidental
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) Extinct / (B)
  • Inca Dove (Columbina inca) Accidental
  • Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) Accidental
  • White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica) Casual
  • Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) Regular / B

Order: Cuculiformes

Family: Cuculidae (Cuckoos, Roadrunners, and Anis)

  • Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris) Accidental
  • Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) Regular / B
  • Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus) Regular / B (threatened)

Order: Caprimulgiformes

Family: Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)

  • Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) Regular / B
  • Chuck-will's-widow (Antrostomus carolinensis) Regular / B (threatened)
  • Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus) Regular / B

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Apodidae (Swifts)

  • Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica) Regular / B

Family: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

  • Mexican Violetear (Colibri thallasinus) Accidental
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) Regular / B
  • Anna's Hummingbird (Calypte anna) Accidental
  • Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus) Regular
  • Allen's Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin) Accidental
  • Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris) Accidental

Order: Gruiformes

Family: Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)

  • King Rail (Rallus elegans) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola) Regular / B
  • Sora (Porzana carolina) Regular / B
  • Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata) Regular / B (endangered)
  • American Coot (Fulica americana) Regular / B
  • Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica) Casual / b (S)
  • Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis) Regular / (b) (N)
  • Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis) Casual / b (endangered)

Family: Aramidae (Limpkins)

  • Limpkin (Aramus guarauna) Accidental

Family: Gruidae (Cranes)

  • Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis) Regular / B
  • Whooping Crane (Grus americana) Accidental

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)

  • Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) Regular / b
  • American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana) Regular

Family: Charadriidae (Lapwings and Plovers)

  • Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola) Regular
  • American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica) Regular
  • Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) Regular / B
  • Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula) Accidental
  • Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus) Regular
  • Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) Regular / b (endangered, State and Federal)
  • Wilson's Plover (Charadrius wilsonia) Accidental
  • Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus) Accidental
  • Snowy Plover (Charadrius nivosus) Casual

Family: Scolopacidae (Sandpipers)

  • Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) Regular
  • Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis) Extinct
  • Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus) Accidental / (b)
  • Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica) Regular
  • Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa) Regular
  • Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) Regular
  • Red Knot (Calidris canutus) Regular
  • Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) Regular
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata) Accidental
  • Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus) Regular
  • Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) Accidental
  • Sanderling (Calidris alba) Regular
  • Dunlin (Calidris alpina) Regular
  • Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima) Regular
  • Baird's Sandpiper (Calidris bairdii) Regular
  • Little Stint ((Calidris minuta)) Accidental
  • Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla) Regular
  • White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis) Regular
  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Calidris subruficollis) Regular
  • Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos) Regular
  • Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla) Regular
  • Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri) Regular
  • Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus) Regular
  • Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus) Regular
  • American Woodcock (Scolopax minor) Regular / B
  • Wilson's Snipe (Gallinago delicata) Regular / B
  • Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius) Regular / B
  • Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria) Regular
  • Wandering Tattler (Tringa incana) Accidental
  • Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes) Regular
  • Willet (Tringa semipalmata) Regular
  • Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca) Regular
  • Wilson's Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) Regular / b (NE) (endangered)
  • Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) Regular
  • Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius) Regular

Family: Stercorariidae (Skuas and Jaegers)

  • Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus) Accidental
  • Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus) Regular
  • Long-tailed Jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus) Casual

Family: Alcidae (Alcids)

  • Dovekie (Alle alle) Accidental
  • Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus) Accidental

Family: Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)

  • Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) Regular
  • Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea) Accidental
  • Sabine's Gull (Xema sabini) Regular
  • Bonaparte's Gull (Chroicocephalus philadelphia) Regular
  • Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) Accidental
  • Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus) Regular
  • Ross's Gull (Rhodostethia rosea) Accidental
  • Laughing Gull (Leucophaeus atricilla) Regular
  • Franklin's Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan) Regular
  • Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris) Accidental
  • Short-billed Gull (Larus canus) Casual
  • Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis) Regular / B
  • California Gull (Larus californicus) Regular
  • Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) Regular / B
  • Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides) Regular
  • Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) Regular
  • Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus) Accidental
  • Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens) Accidental
  • Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus) Regular
  • Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) Regular
  • Sooty Tern (Onychoprion fuscatus) Accidental
  • Least Tern (Sternula antillarum) Regular / B (endangered, State and Federal)
  • Large-billed Tern (Phaetusa simplex) Accidental
  • Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica) Accidental
  • Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia) Regular / B
  • Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea) Casual
  • Forster's Tern (Sterna forsteri) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Royal Tern (Thalasseus maximus) Casual
  • Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis) Accidental
  • Black Skimmer (Rhynchops niger) Accidental

Order: Gaviiformes

Family: Gaviidae (Loons)

  • Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata) Regular
  • Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica) Regular
  • Common Loon (Gavia immer) Regular / (b) (N)
  • Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii) Accidental

Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Ciconiidae (Storks)

  • Wood Stork (Mycteria americana) Casual

Order: Suliformes

Family: Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)

  • Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens) Accidental

Family: Sulidae (Boobies and Gannets)

  • Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) Accidental
  • Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus) Accidental

Family: Anhingidae (Anhingas)

  • Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga) Regular / b

Family: Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)

  • Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus) Regular
  • Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) Regular / B

Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Pelecanidae (Pelicans)

  • American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) Regular / B
  • Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) Casual

Family: Ardeidae (Bitterns, Herons, and Egrets)

  • American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) Regular / b (endangered)
  • Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) Regular / B (threatened)
  • Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) Regular / B
  • Great Egret (Ardea alba) Regular / B
  • Snowy Egret (Egretta thula) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor) Casual
  • Reddish Egret (Egretta rufescens) Accidental
  • Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) Regular / B
  • Green Heron (Butorides virescens) Regular / B
  • Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Nyctanassa violacea) Regular / B (endangered)

Family: Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)

  • White Ibis (Eudocimus albus) Regular
  • Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) Regular
  • White-faced Ibis (Plegadis chihi) Regular
  • Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja) Casual

Order: Cathartiformes

Family: Cathartidae (American Vultures)

  • Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus) Regular / B (S) (local)
  • Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) Regular / B

Order: Accipitriformes

Family: Pandionidae (Osprey)

  • Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) Regular / b (local) (endangered)

Family: Accipitridae (Kites, Eagles, and Hawks)

  • White-tailed Kite (Elanus leucurus) Accidental
  • Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus) Casual / (b)
  • Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) Regular
  • Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus) Regular / b
  • Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii) Regular / B
  • Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) Regular
  • Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) Regular / B
  • Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis) Regular / B (S, local) (threatened)
  • Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus) Regular / B
  • Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus) Regular / B
  • Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni) Regular / B (NE, local) (endangered)
  • Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) Regular / B
  • Rough-legged Hawk (Buteo lagopus) Regular
  • Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis) Accidental

Order: Strigiformes

Family: Tytonidae (Barn Owls)

  • Barn Owl (Tyto alba) Regular / B (endangered)

Family: Strigidae (Typical Owls)

  • Eastern Screech-Owl (Megascops asio) Regular / B
  • Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) Regular / B
  • Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus) Regular
  • Northern Hawk Owl (Surnia ulula) Accidental
  • Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) Casual
  • Barred Owl (Strix varia) Regular / B
  • Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) Regular / b
  • Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Boreal Owl (Aegolius funereus) Accidental
  • Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) Regular / b

Order Coraciiformes

Family: Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)

  • Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon) Regular / B

Order: Piciformes

Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)

  • Lewis’s Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) Accidental
  • Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) Regular / B
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus) Regular / B
  • Williamson's Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus thyroideus) Accidental
  • Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius) Regular / b
  • Red-naped Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis) Accidental
  • Black-backed Woodpecker (Picoides arcticus) Accidental
  • Downy Woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens) Regular / B
  • Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Dryobates borealis) Accidental
  • Hairy Woodpecker (Dryobates villosus) Regular / B
  • Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) Regular / B
  • Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) Regular / B

Order: Falconiformes

Family: Falconidae (Caracaras and Falcons)

  • Crested Caracara (Caracara plancus) Accidental
  • American Kestrel (Falco sparverius) Regular / B
  • Merlin (Falco columbarius) Regular
  • Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus) Casual
  • Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) Regular / B (threatened)
  • Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus) Regular

Order: Psittaciformes

Family: Psittacidae (Parrots)

  • Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis) Extinct / (B)

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)

  • Small-billed Elaenia (Elaenia parvirostris) Accidental
  • Ash-throated Flycatcher (Myiarchus cinerascens) Accidental
  • Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus) Regular / B
  • Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus) Accidental
  • Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus) Accidental
  • Cassin's Kingbird (Tyrannus vociferans) Accidental
  • Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis) Regular / b (local)
  • Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus) Regular / B
  • Gray Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis) Accidental
  • Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus forficatus) Regular / b
  • Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) Accidental
  • Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi) Regular
  • Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens) Regular / B
  • Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris) Regular
  • Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens) Regular / B
  • Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum) Regular
  • Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii) Regular / B
  • Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus) Regular / B (N)
  • Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher (Empidonax difficilis/occidentalis) Accidental
  • Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) Regular / B
  • Say's Phoebe (Sayornis saya) Casual
  • Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus) Accidental

Family: Laniidae (Shrikes)

  • Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Northern Shrike (Lanius borealis) Regular

Family: Vireonidae (Vireos)

  • White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus) Regular / B
  • Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii) Regular / B
  • Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons) Regular / B
  • Cassin's Vireo (Vireo cassinii) Accidental
  • Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius) Regular / b
  • Plumbeous Vireo (Vireo plumbeus) Accidental
  • Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus) Regular
  • Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus) Regular / B
  • Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus) Regular / B

Family: Corvidae (Jays, Nutcrackers, Magpies, Crows, and Ravens)

  • Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) Regular / B
  • California/Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma californica/woodhouseii) Accidental
  • Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) Accidental
  • Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia) Accidental
  • American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) Regular / B
  • Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus) Regular / B (S)
  • Common Raven (Corvus corax) Accidental / (B)

Family: Alaudidae (Larks)

  • Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris) Regular / B

Family: Hirundinidae (Swallows)

  • Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia) Regular / B
  • Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Regular / B
  • Violet-green Swallow (Tachycineta thalassina) Accidental / b (cross-breeding, one record)
  • Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis) Regular / B
  • Purple Martin (Progne subis) Regular / B
  • Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) Regular / B
  • Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) Regular / B
  • Cave Swallow (Petrochelidon fulva) Casual

Family: Paridae (Chickadees and Titmice)

  • Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis) Regular / B
  • Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) Regular / B
  • Boreal Chickadee (Poecile hudsonicus) Accidental
  • Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor) Regular / B

Family: Sittidae (Nuthatches)

  • Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis) Regular / b (N)
  • White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis) Regular / B
  • Brown-headed Nuthatch (Sitta pusilla) Accidental

Family: Certhiidae (Creepers)

  • Brown Creeper (Certhia americana) Regular / B

Family: Troglodytidae (Wrens)

  • Rock Wren (Salpinctes obsoletus) Accidental
  • House Wren (Troglodytes aedon) Regular / B
  • Winter Wren (Troglodytes hiemalis) Regular
  • Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis) Regular / B
  • Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris) Regular / B
  • Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus) Regular / B
  • Bewick's Wren (Thryomanes bewickii) Regular / b (WC, local)(endangered)

Family: Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)

  • Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea) Regular / B

Family: Regulidae (Kinglets)

  • Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa) Regular / b (N)
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula) Regular

Family: Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers)

  • Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) Accidental

Family: Turdidae (Thrushes)

  • Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis) Regular / B
  • Mountain Bluebird (Sialia currucoides) Casual
  • Townsend's Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi) Casual
  • Veery (Catharus fuscescens) Regular / B
  • Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus) Regular
  • Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus) Regular
  • Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus) Regular
  • Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) Regular / B
  • American Robin (Turdus migratorius) Regular / B
  • Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius) Regular

Family: Mimidae (Mockingbirds, Catbirds, and Thrashers)

  • Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis) Regular / B
  • Curve-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma curvirostre) Accidental
  • Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum) Regular / B
  • Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus) Casual
  • Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) Regular / B

Family: Sturnidae (Starlings)

  • European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Regular (introduced) / B

Family: Bombycillidae (Waxwings)

  • Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus) Casual
  • Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum) Regular / B

Family: Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)

  • House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) Regular (introduced) / B

Family: Motacillidae (Wagtails and Pipits)

  • American Pipit (Anthus rubescens) Regular
  • Sprague's Pipit (Anthus spragueii) Accidental

Family: Fringillidae (Finches)

  • Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus) Casual
  • Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator) Casual
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch (Leucosticte tephrocotis) Accidental
  • House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus) Regular / (b)
  • Common Redpoll (Acanthis flammea) Regular
  • Hoary Redpoll (Acanthis hornemanni) Casual
  • Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) Regular / b
  • White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera) Casual
  • Pine Siskin (Spinus pinus) Regular / b
  • Lesser Goldfinch (Spinus psaltria) Accidental
  • American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis) Regular / B

Family: Calcariidae (Longspurs and Snow Bunting)

  • Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus) Regular
  • Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus) Accidental
  • Smith's Longspur (Calcarius pictus) Regular
  • Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) Regular

Family: Passerellidae (American Sparrows)

  • Cassin's Sparrow (Peucaea cassinii) Accidental
  • Bachman's Sparrow (Peucaea aestivalis) Extirpated / (b)
  • Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum) Regular / B
  • Black-throated Sparrow (Amphispiza bilineata) Accidental
  • Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus) Regular / B
  • Lark Bunting (Calamospiza melanocorys) Casual
  • Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina) Regular / B
  • Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida) Regular / B (N, local)
  • Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla) Regular / B
  • Brewer's Sparrow (Spizella breweri) Accidental
  • Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca) Regular
  • American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea) Regular
  • Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis) Regular
  • White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys) Regular
  • Golden-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia atricapilla) Casual
  • Harris's Sparrow (Zonotrichia querula) Regular
  • White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis) Regular / b (NE)
  • Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus) Regular / B
  • LeConte's Sparrow (Ammospiza leconteii) Regular / (b) (N)
  • Nelson's Sparrow (Ammospiza nelsoni) Regular
  • Henslow's Sparrow (Centronyx henslowii) Regular / B
  • Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis) Regular / B
  • Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia) Regular / B
  • Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii) Regular
  • Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana) Regular / B
  • Green-tailed Towhee (Pipilo chlorurus) Accidental
  • Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus) Regular
  • Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) Regular / B

Family: Icteriidae (Yellow-breasted Chat)

  • Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens) Regular / B

Family: Icteridae (Bobolink, Blackbirds, Meadowlarks, and Orioles)

  • Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) Regular / B
  • Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) Regular / B
  • Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) Regular / B
  • Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius) Regular / B
  • Bullock’s Oriole (Icterus bullockii) Accidental
  • Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula) Regular / B
  • Scott's Oriole (Icterus parisorum) Accidental
  • Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) Regular / B
  • Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater) Regular / B
  • Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus) Regular
  • Brewer's Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus) Regular / B (N)
  • Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) Regular / B
  • Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus) Casual

Family: Parulidae (New World Warblers)

  • Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla) Regular / B
  • Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum) Regular / B
  • Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla) Regular / B
  • Northern Waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis) Regular
  • Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera) Regular / b (N)
  • Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus) Regular / B
  • Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia) Regular / B
  • Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) Regular / B
  • Swainson's Warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii) Casual / b (S) (endangered)
  • Tennessee Warbler (Oreothlyipis peregrina) Regular
  • Orange-crowned Warbler (Oreothlyipis celata) Regular
  • Nashville Warbler (Oreothlyipis ruficapilla) Regular / b
  • Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis) Regular
  • MacGillivray's Warbler (Geothlypis tolmiei) Accidental
  • Mourning Warbler (Geothlypis philadelphia) Regular / b
  • Kentucky Warbler (Geothlypis formosa) Regular / B
  • Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas) Regular / B
  • Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina) Regular / B
  • American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) Regular / B
  • Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii) Casual
  • Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina) Regular
  • Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea) Regular / B (threatened)
  • Northern Parula (Setophaga americana) Regular / B
  • Magnolia Warbler (Setophaga magnolia) Regular
  • Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea) Regular
  • Blackburnian Warbler (Setophaga fusca) Regular
  • Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia) Regular / B
  • Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica) Regular / B
  • Blackpoll Warbler (Setophaga striata) Regular
  • Black-throated Blue Warbler (Setophaga caerulescens) Regular
  • Palm Warbler (Setophaga palmarum) Regular
  • Pine Warbler (Setophaga pinus) Regular / B
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata) Regular
  • Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica) Regular / B
  • Prairie Warbler (Setophaga discolor) Regular / B
  • Grace's Warbler (Setophaga graciae) Accidental / B
  • Black-throated Gray Warbler (Setophaga nigrescens) (phot) Casual
  • Townsend's Warbler (Setophaga townsendi) Casual
  • Hermit Warbler (Setophaga occidentalis) Accidental
  • Black-throated Green Warbler (Setophaga virens) Regular / b
  • Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis) Regular / b
  • Wilson's Warbler (Cardellina pusilla) Regular
  • Painted Redstart (Myioborus pictus) Accidental

Family: Cardinalidae (Tanagers, Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Buntings, and Dickcissel)

  • Hepatic Tanager (Piranga flava) Accidental
  • Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra) Regular / B
  • Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea) Regular / B
  • Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana) Casual
  • Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) Regular / B
  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus) Regular / B
  • Black-headed Grosbeak (Pheucticus melanocephalus) Accidental
  • Blue Grosbeak (Passerina caerulea) Regular / B
  • Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amoena) Accidental
  • Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) Regular / B
  • Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris) Casual / b (local)
  • Dickcissel (Spiza americana) Regular / B

Total: 455 species